Compatiblism and Theism

July 12, 2006 at 12:30 am 7 comments

There more I think about it (which doesn’t really guarantee its truth), the more it seems that if compatibalism (or determinism) is true, then theism is likely false. The relationship can be expressed like,

[1] (CT) C v D –> >> ~T
(CT) ‘If compatibalism or (~xor) determinism is true, then theism is likely (>>) false.’

In other words, if God made the world such that humans are determined to be the way they are by both external/internal factors OR if God made the world such that humans were determined internally, then he could have made the world such that humans never choose the bad, but always choose the good.

[2] (e) D v C —> ~E
(e) ‘If determinism is true OR compatibalism is true, then God could have created humans such that they did not choose evil.’

So, it follows that incompatibalism is consistent with both theism and atheism,

(IT) I –> T v ~T
(IT) ‘If incompatibalism is true, then either theism is true or theism is false.’

But there are two more considerations that are important in this atheological argument,

If traditional theism is true, then God is a necessary being. If God is a necessary being, then God exists in all possible worlds.

[3] (Tx –> Nx) & (Nx –> Px)
‘If theism is true, then God is necessary AND if God is necessary, then God exists in all possible world’

And finally, it seems prima facie plausible to say that there exists at least a possible world such that it contains beings of which determinism OR compatiblism is true with regard to the beings freedom AND that these beings commit acts of evil.

[4] (PE) (Dx v Cx) & (Ex)
‘There exists at least one possible world such that determinism or compatiblism is true of that world AND that world contains moral evil.’

[5] (a) ‘[4] –> ~T’; (b) [4]; (C) ~T

So from [1] – [4] it follows that, if [4] is true, then theism is false. [4] is true, so theism is false.

This follows from [1]-[4]. These premises seem to be reasonable. But of course in philosophy that is not much of a guarantee.

— Apendix A – Overview of the Proof —
[1] (CT) C v D –> >> ~T
[2] (e) D v C —> ~E
[3] (Tx –> Nx) & (Nx –> Px)
[4] (PE) (Dx v Cx) & (Ex)
[5] (a) ‘[4] –> ~T’; (b) [4]; (C) ~T (from 1, 2, 3, 4)

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Entry filed under: philosophy of mind, philosophy of religion.

Anarchy and Political Philosophy Subjectivism in Aesthetics

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